Window of Party Building
Xi Jinping presided over the 25th meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reform
Release Time：2022-04-19 00:00
Xi Jinping presided over the twenty-fifth meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms, stressing that
Strengthen the construction of digital government
Promoting the reform of the fiscal system below the provincial level
Li Keqiang Wang Huning Han Zheng attended
Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, and Director of the Central Comprehensive Deepening Reform Commission, presided over the 25th meeting of the Central Comprehensive Deepening Reform Committee on the afternoon of April 19, and reviewed and approved the "Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Digital Governments" ", "Guiding Opinions on Further Promoting the Reform of the Financial System Below the Province", "Opinions on Establishing and Improving the Evaluation Index System of Leading Cadres' Natural Resource Assets Out of Office", "Work Plan for Improving the Financial Support Innovation System during the "14th Five-Year Plan" Period ", "Several Opinions on Improving the Science and Technology Incentive Mechanism".
When presiding over the meeting, Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to fully implement the strategy of strengthening the country through the Internet, widely apply digital technology to government management services, promote the digital and intelligent operation of the government, and provide strong support for promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. It is necessary to straighten out the inter-governmental financial relations below the provincial level, make the allocation of power and responsibilities more reasonable, the division of income more standardized, the distribution of financial resources is relatively balanced, the grass-roots guarantees are more powerful, and the construction of a unified national market should be accelerated, and the equalization of basic public services should be promoted. Quality development. It is necessary to implement the principles of compliance with laws and regulations, objectivity and impartiality, scientific identification, consistency of rights and responsibilities, and lifelong accountability, and strive to build a scientific, standardized, and reasonable audit evaluation index system, and promote leading cadres to effectively perform their responsibilities for natural resource asset management and ecological environmental protection. It is necessary to focus on the shortcomings and weaknesses of technological innovation in financial services, improve the financial support innovation system, and promote the financial system to better adapt to the needs of technological innovation in the new era. It is necessary to adhere to the frontier of science and technology in the world, the main economic battlefield, the major needs of the country, and the life and health of the people, establish an incentive orientation of courageous mission, dedicated research, and value creation, and create innovations that are conducive to the continuous emergence of original achievements and the effective transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Ecology, encourage the majority of scientific and technological personnel to show their abilities and talents.
Li Keqiang, Wang Huning and Han Zheng, members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and deputy directors of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reform, attended the meeting.
The meeting pointed out that strengthening the construction of digital government is an important measure to innovate the concept and method of government governance. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has made a series of major deployments around the implementation of the strategy of strengthening the country through the Internet and the strategy of big data, and new progress has been made in all aspects of work. It is necessary to uphold and strengthen the party's overall leadership throughout all aspects of digital government construction, and adhere to the correct political direction. Satisfying the people's yearning for a better life should be the starting point and end point of digital government construction, and a digital service system that is ubiquitous, smart, convenient, fair and inclusive should be created, so that people run less errands and run more data. It is necessary to use digital reform to help the transformation of government functions, coordinate and promote the intensive construction, interconnection, and synergy of government application systems in various industries and fields, and give full play to the functions of digitalization in the government's performance of economic regulation, market supervision, social management, public services, and ecological environmental protection. It plays an important supporting role and builds a collaborative and efficient government digital performance capability system. It is necessary to strengthen the system concept, improve the scientific and standardized digital government construction system, promote the efficient sharing and orderly development and utilization of data in accordance with laws and regulations, coordinate the promotion of technology integration, business integration, and data integration, and improve cross-level, cross-regional, cross-system, cross- Departmental, cross-business collaborative management and service levels. It is necessary to always tighten the string of data security, accelerate the construction of an all-round security guarantee system for digital government, and comprehensively strengthen the responsibility of digital government security management.
The meeting emphasized that since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, we have strengthened the top-level design of the reform of the fiscal and taxation system. Deepening, the central and local financial relations with clear powers and responsibilities, coordination of financial resources, and regional balance are gradually formed. It is necessary to adhere to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, within the framework of the principle of the central and local tax-sharing system, follow the basic principles of improving inter-governmental fiscal relations, clearly define the fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities below the provincial level, straighten out the inter-governmental revenue relationship below the provincial level, and improve the sub-provincial and sub-provincial fiscal relations. Transfer payment system, establish and improve the adjustment mechanism of the financial system below the provincial level, and standardize the financial management below the provincial level. It is necessary to improve the financial system, eliminate local protectionism, eliminate market barriers, improve the guarantee system and standard system to continuously promote the equalization of basic public services, and increase financial support for old revolutionary base areas, ethnic areas, border areas, and underdeveloped areas. Improve regional support policies and promote the establishment of a long-term guarantee mechanism for county-level financial resources. It is necessary to consolidate the risk prevention and control responsibilities of local governments at all levels, improve the long-term mechanism for preventing and resolving hidden debt risks, resolutely curb the increase of hidden debts, and strictly investigate and punish illegal debt financing behaviors. It is necessary to take serious financial discipline, maintain financial order, and improve the financial and accounting supervision mechanism.
The meeting pointed out that the establishment of an audit system for leading cadres' natural resources assets leaving office, which will be piloted in 2015 and fully rolled out in 2017, will form strong institutional constraints on the implementation of the strict ecological civilization system. It is necessary to improve the evaluation standards for leading cadres' resource and environment-related decision-making and supervision performance, and integrate the implementation of major deployments of the Party Central Committee, such as natural resource protection, ecological protection red lines, cultivated land protection red lines, pollution reduction and carbon reduction, and the river and lake chief system into relevant evaluations. index. It is necessary to scientifically set the weights and scoring methods of evaluation indicators, strengthen the guiding role of key indicators such as the physical quantity of natural resources assets and the quality of the ecological environment, and highlight the resource and environmental binding indicators set by the national plan. It is necessary to comprehensively consider the differences in natural resource endowment characteristics and the positioning of main functions in various regions, and strive to be scientific and accurate in the setting of indicators. It is necessary to standardize the scope and content of the audit, based on the facts verified in accordance with the law, to ensure that the audit evaluation conclusions can stand the test of history. It is necessary to promote the coordination of various supervisions, and use the audit results as an important reference for assessment, appointment and removal, rewards and punishments. Effective measures must be taken to ensure the authenticity, accuracy and integrity of relevant materials and data, and serious accountability for fraudulent resource and environmental data.
The meeting emphasized that to accelerate the construction of the financial support innovation system, it is necessary to focus on key areas such as key core technology research, transformation of scientific and technological achievements, technology-based and innovative small and medium-sized enterprises, and high-tech enterprises, deepen the structural reform of the financial supply side, and promote scientific and technological credit service capabilities. Build, strengthen the role of development and policy financial institutions in serving scientific and technological innovation within the scope of their duties, enhance the ability of banking financial institutions to serve enterprises that undertake major national scientific and technological innovation tasks, improve the direct financing function of multi-level capital markets, and give full play to insurance and financing guarantee institutions. The role of risk sharing is to strengthen the external support of financial support for technological innovation. It is necessary to adhere to bottom-line thinking and problem orientation, based on ensuring the security and stability of the industrial chain and supply chain, coordinate financial support for technological innovation and prevent financial risks, and consolidate the main responsibility of risk prevention and control.
The meeting pointed out that scientific and technological incentives are an important guarantee for promoting scientific and technological innovation, and play an important role in unleashing the potential of scientific and technological innovation and stimulating innovation vitality. It is necessary to encourage scientific and technological personnel to strengthen their patriotism, strengthen their ambition to serve the country, and consciously act and contribute to accelerating the construction of a scientific and technological power and realizing high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance. It is necessary to adhere to the combination of spiritual incentives and material incentives, and focus on rewarding scientific and technological teams and personnel who have made significant contributions to scientific and technological progress, economic and social development, and national strategic security based on the urgent and long-term needs of the country. It is necessary to innovate the organization and management mechanism of scientific research projects, guarantee the scientific research working time of scientific and technological personnel, and focus on innovation and creation. It is necessary to increase incentives for young scientific and technological personnel, dare to give young people the opportunity to take on major responsibilities, and create an environment conducive to young talents to stand out. It is necessary to improve the stable support mechanism for scientific research funds, and persistently support scientific researchers to "honor a sword in ten years" in the direction of basic and public welfare research. It is necessary to insist on paying equal attention to incentives and restraints, and establish an effective restraint and supervision mechanism.
Members of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms attended the meeting, and responsible comrades from relevant departments of the central and state organs attended the meeting as nonvoting delegates.